COVID-19 Updates from April Until Now

In the wake of the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) pandemic that began in 2019, Breathe California Sacramento Region sought to share public health and air quality-related news and studies about the pandemic. We’ll be updating this blog on a regular basis with a selection of stories in which they offer comments and context.

Notice: Some COVID-19 information shared below is from past Breathe newsletters and may be out-of-date. Please refer to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) for regularly updated information.

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September 17th

  • The Hidden Dangers of a Negative Coronavirus Test (AARP)
    recent study by John Hopkins University found that patients who were tested with the most common coronavirus test (RT-PCR test) soon after becoming infected with the virus were more likely to receive a false-negative result compared with those who were tested when visible symptoms of COVID-19 appeared.
  • Exercise and Diet are More Important Than Ever with Virus at Large (Kaiser Health News)
    recent study by John Hopkins University found that patients who were tested with the most common coronavirus test (RT-PCR test) soon after becoming infected with the virus were more likely to receive a false-negative result compared with those who were tested when visible symptoms of COVID-19 appeared.

September 2nd

August 20th

  • Vaping Links to COVID-19 Risk in Teens and Young Adults (UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education)
    According to a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine, vaping is linked to a substantially increased risk of COVID-19 among teenagers and young adults. Teens and young adults who vape are up to seven times more likely to be infected with COVID-19 than peers who don’t use e-cigarettes.
  • Chronic Stress is an Underestimated Pandemic Risk Factor (Elemental)
    Amid the pandemic, winter could bring a whole host of new challenges–and public health experts say now is the time to prepare. Experts express concern about pandemic-weary Americans who are more focused on pre-COVID lifestyles than in suppressing the virus so the nation can avoid more lockdowns.

August 6th

July 16th

  • The COVID-19 Resilience Poll (2020) (Valley Vision)
    The COVID-19 Resilience Poll tracks the experiences, perceptions, concerns, and hopes of people in the Capital Region through the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic including the health impacts and fears, the experiences through the shelter in place order, and the economic fallout from the pandemic.
  • Scientists Warn About Airborne Coronavirus Infection (Harvard T.H. School of Public Health)
    Mounting evidence suggests that tiny viral particles that linger in the air in indoor spaces are a significant source of Coronavirus infection, according to 239 experts who wrote an open letter to the World Health Organization.
  • HGHI Releases Guidance for COVID Suppression (Harvard Global Health Institute)
    This map gives the most recent levels of Coronavirus cases across the country. Check your county and cities from across the U.S. for how they are doing amid the pandemic.
  • How Wildfires Make COVID More Dangerous (The New York Times)
    From the article: There are several ways that smoke exposure could make the pandemic worse, Dr. Henderson said. “When your immune system is overwhelmed by particles, it’s not going to do such a good job fighting other things, like viruses,” she said.

July 2nd

  • Coronavirus: A Wake-Up Call to Strengthen the Global Food System (Phys.Org)
    Today’s globalized food system consists of highly interconnected subsystems. It is characterized by increasingly complex trade networks and an efficient supply chain, with market power located in the hands of few. A shock to the food system can lead to ripple effects in political and social systems.
  • Non-Allergic Asthma Linked with Increased Risk of Severe COVID-19 (Harvard T.H. School of Public Health)
    Adults with asthma who became infected with COVID-19 were at a higher risk of developing severe illness compared with adults who did not have asthma, according to a new study led by researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
  • As COVID Cases Spike, California Shifts Its Strategy (Kaiser Health News)
    Predictions of a summer lull have evaporated. Public health officials now fear that a persistent summer upswing could unwind gains made early in the pandemic, taxing hospitals and health care workers, and leading to a thousand more Coronavirus cases even before a fall resurgence.

June 18th

  • Firefighters Will Attack Blazes Quickly to Avoid Coronavirus (Scientific American) 
    Although fire fighters occasionally let wildfires burn to improve forest health in the long term, they will be more aggressive in fighting fires this year because a fast fire response will limit the need for mass evacuations and encampments. 
  • Summer Presents Dangerous Choice: Swelter in Quarantine or Risk Contagion (Scientific American)  
    Extreme heat is deadly to many of the same populations that are most vulnerable to COVID-19. Now, with heat wave season swiftly approaching, public health experts are urging cities to think carefully about how to protect vulnerable populations as the pandemic continues. 
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 Case Surveillance (The Center for Disease Control)  
    This article examines January-May 2020 data on COVID-19 from across the U.S. Findings include hospitalizations were six times higher and deaths twelve times higher among patients with reported underlying conditions, the most common being cardiovascular disease (32%), diabetes (30%), and chronic lung disease (8%). 

June 4th

  • COVID-19 and Health Equity—A New Kind of “Herd Immunity” (American Medical Association) 
    This study highlights that health care quality and access have a huge effect on whether people in certain communities are more or less likely to have severe symptoms from COVID-19. It highlights the need, and opportunity, to redouble efforts in the US to develop strategies that would enable society to slow and ultimately eliminate the spread of inequities in health. 
  • Coronavirus Lockdowns May Raise Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution (Scientific American)  
    Between early March and early May, levels of carbon dioxide and volatile organic compounds increased indoors by 15-30% in more than 1,000 homes across several European countries. This article seeks to explain the spike and share advice on how to improve your indoor air quality. 

May 28th

  • This Year’s Forest Fire Season Could Be Even Deadlier (Foreign Policy in Focus)  
    Governments grappling with public health and safety during COVID-19 are rolling back enforcement of environmental protections that are crucial for preventing wildfires, protecting lives, and limiting deforestation. Environmental enforcement has continued to drop during the pandemic, with preliminary estimates of rain forest loss up by 50% in 2020 compared with last year, according to government data in Brazil. 
  • The Color of Coronavirus: COVID-19 Deaths By Race and Ethnicity in the U.S. (American Public Media Research Lab)   
    While we have an incomplete picture of the toll of COVID-19, the existing data reveals deep inequities by race, most dramatically for Black Americans. Data from this study reveals that “the latest overall COVID-19 mortality rate for Black Americans is 2.4 times as high as the rate for whites and 2.2 times as high as the rate for Asians and Latinos.” 
  • ‘Crazy Bike Boom’: Coronavirus Pandemic Creates Sharp Rise in Bicycle Demand Across US (The Sacramento Bee) 
    The bicycle business is booming across the country as Americans look for new ways to exercise and get out of the house while adhering to stay-at-home orders. Cycling provides a safe way to run errands, get to work, exercise or de-stress. Especially in Sacramento cycling is becoming a way to abide by social distancing, breathe fresh air and support local business. 

May 21st

  • Free Food Resources in California (Los Angeles Office of the Controller)  
    If you or someone you know is struggling to put food on the table during the pandemic, because of limited access to grocery stores or loss of income, this map includes 1,800+ food banks, food pantries and food distribution centers across the state of California. Enter your zip code and find where you, your family or friends can receive help. 

May 14th

  • The Dual Risks of Natural Disasters and COVID-19 (Science X) 
    What happens when crises occur simultaneously? This article examines emergency responses for many natural disasters, like wildfires, and how they pose risks to public health during a pandemic. 
  • WHO Statement: Tobacco Use and COVID-19 (World Health Organization)  
    From the statement, “A review of studies by public health experts convened by WHO on April 29, 2020 found that smokers are more likely to develop severe disease with COVID-19, compared to non-smokers.” 

May 7th

  • Global Energy Review 2020 (International Energy Agency) 
    The uncertainty surrounding public health, the economy, and energy over the rest of 2020, is greatly affecting the way we plan for the future. This energy analysis not only charts a possible path for energy use and CO2 emissions in 2020 but also highlights the many factors that could lead to a variety of outcomes. 
  • Stopping Deforestation Can Prevent Pandemics (Scientific American) 
    Destroying habitats makes viruses and other pathogens more likely to infect humans. Three quarters of the emerging pathogens that infect humans leaped from animals indigenous to the forest habitats that are being slashed and burned to create land for crops, including biofuel plants, for mining and housing.
  • Green Recovery Can Revive Virus-Hit Economic and Tackle Climate Change (Reuters)  
    Top U.S. and British economists say that green public investment would be the most cost-effective way both to revive virus-hit economies and strike a decisive blow against climate change. Read this study for an in-depth look into the goal to “build back better.” 
  • How a Warming Climate Could Affect the Spread of Diseases Similar to COVID-19 (Scientific American)  
    A hotter planet could change the relationship among infectious agents, their hosts and the human body’s defense mechanisms. These changes could include the adaptation of microbes to a warming world, changes in how viruses and bacteria interact with their animal hosts, and a weakened human immune response. 

April 30th

  • Promoting Food Donation During COVID-19 (Center for Health Law and Policy Innovation at Harvard Law School) 
    COVID-19 has placed additional stress on food systems and exacerbated hunger in the US. Food banks and other food recovery organizations that rescue safe, surplus food and redirect it to those in need are crucial during a crisis. 
  • When Confronting a Pandemic, We Must Save Nature to Save Ourselves (Center for American Progress) 
    Alongside investments in epidemiological research and healthcare, we need to address the problem at its root: the destruction of nature. Halting the destruction of natural areas and creating more parks and open space near communities are just two ways to address the nature crisis. Read this well-researched article for more. 
  • COVID-19 Exacerbating Inequalities in the US (The Lancet)  
    COVID-19 does not affect everyone equally. In the US, it is exposing inequities in the health system. Read this in-depth report on the disparities between different people in urban areas and how lower income leads to severe COVID-19 symptoms. 

April 23rd

  • People Need to be Informed, But Not Afraid (American Public Health Association)  
    To help counteract the pervasive misinformation and confusion surrounding COVID-19, APHA has been giving expert commentary and background. 

April 16th

Photo by Anshu A on Unsplash

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